India: Test Department

India will perform a test-firing of its Akash surface-to-air missile (SAM) from the Indian Army’s Integrated Test Range in Orissa, on the Bay of Bengal.

During the test-firing, which is expected to take place on 20th May, the missile will to engage an airborne target.

As reported in the March edition of ChainHomeHigh, the Indian Air Force received its first Akash SAM on 3rd March.

The weapon has an operational range of 35km (19nm), and can engage targets at 59,055ft (18,000m) altitude.

The Indian Air Force is expected to receive around 1,000 Akash missiles, with the Indian Army receiving double that number.

Each air force Akash battery includes three launcher vehicles, each of which carries three Akash missiles; a command post and a Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) passive phased-array Rajendra radar. The radar is reportedly capable of tracking up to 64 targets and can command the engagement of four simultaneously. The radar uses a C-band surveillance antenna, and an engagement antenna which may operate in the X- or Ku-bands.

Two batteries comprise an air force Akash squadron. Squadron Command and Control (C2) is performed by its C2 headquarters which uses a DRDO Rohini three-dimensional S-band Central Acquisition Radar which has a surveillance range of around 180km (97nm) and can cover up to 59,000ft elevation. Around 100 Rohini radars are expected to eventually equip the Indian Air Force.

Published by Thomas Withington

Thomas Withington is a writer and analyst specialising in electronic warfare, radar and military communications.

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