The United Arab Emirates has ordered 17 GM-200 radars from Thales for €300 million ($396 million).
The S-band GM-200 is designed as a tactical radar to perform air surveillance at a published range of 250 kilometres (108 nautical miles). The three-dimensional GM-200 provides up to 70° elevation coverage which gives a ceiling of 80,000 feet (24,384 metres). By doubling the radar’s rotation speed to 40 revolutions-per-minute its engagement range can be sharpened to 100km (54nm).
It is thought that the GM-200 could provide low-altitude surveillance coverage for the country. Existing GM-200 user nations include Germany, France and Canada.
On 31st May, the United States Air Force (USAF) Life Cycle Management Centre published a Notice of Intent to Award a Sole Source Contract to ITT Exelis to provide Ground Control Approach/Precision Approach Radar (GCA/PAR) systems to the Saudi Arabia National Guard (SANG) via the USAF.
ITT Exelis’ offering includes the company’s GCA/PAR-2000 product and is also believed to comprise its TASR-2020 Tactical Air Surveillance Radar. These radars will be installed at a single SANG airbase.
The company’s GCA/PAR-2000 Ground Control Approach/Precision Approach Radar provides airport surveillance at a range of 30 nautical miles (56 kilometres) at an altitude of 8,000 feet (2,438 metres). It provides precision approach coverage at a range of 20nm (37km) with azimuth and elevation angles of 30 degrees and eight degrees respectively. The precision approach radar is available separately as the PAR-2000.
In the secondary surveillance role, ITT Exelis’ TASR-2020 Tactical Air Suveillance Radar can be used to perform air traffic management along with military ‘gap-filler’ coverage. With a range of 100nm (185km) when operating at between five and ten revolutions per minute, the L-band TASR-2020 has an accuracy of 0.15 degrees in azimuth and 275ft (83m) in altitude.
Israel’s RADA Electronics Industries Limited has demonstrated the Counter-Rocket Artillery and Mortar (C-RAM) capabilities of its RPS-40 Multi-Mission Hemispheric Radar.
Designed to provide protection for forward-deployed troops, the RPS-40 can scan up to 360º in azimuth using four radar panels, and up to 90º in elevation. It uses Active Electronically-Scanned Array antennas and has a hemispherical search range of 1.6 nautical miles (nm) (five kilometres) and 5.3nm (ten kilometres) for sector searches. The radar’s minimum detection range of 30 metres (98 feet).
In terms of accuracy, the S-band RPS-40 has a speed accuracy of one metre (3.2ft) per-second, a range accuracy of ten metres (33ft) and has an average transmitting power of up to 60 watts per panel.
Recent testing completed in Israel revealed that the radar was capable of detecting multiple incoming mortar and rocket rounds soon after their launch, thus maximising the early warning capability that it offers. For the C-RAM mission, the RDR-40 is able to perform both Point Of Origin and Point Of Impact prediction.
The company expects to perform additional tests of the RPS-40 in the coming months. RADA Electronics Industries has remained quiet on the radar’s customers, although it is thought that it will equip the Israeli Defence Force.
A sixth IAI Elta Systems EL/M-2084 radar may be deployed by Israel as the country contemplates deploying a sixth Rafael Advanced Defence System Iron Dome surface-to-air missile battery to help protect the country against rocket attacks by Hamas insurgents in the Gaza Strip.
The Jerusalem Post reported on 18th November that Israel’s air force is ready to deploy a sixth Iron Dome battery to enhance protection against the attacks.
The EL/M-2084 radar is an S-band system optimised to detect incoming rocket and artillery rounds in environments with significant ground clutter and electromagnetic noise. It forms an integral part of the overall Iron Dome architecture. The radar has a detection range of up to 474 kilometres (256 nautical miles) and can detect weapons launching points at a 100km (54nm) range. When the antenna is fixed, the EL/M-2084 provides up to 120 degrees of azimuth search, although this increases to 360 degrees when the antenna is rotating. Meanwhile, up to 100,000 feet (30,480 metres) of elevation coverage is provided. When performing air surveillance, the EL/M-2084 can track up to 1,200 targets, with up to 200 targets-per-minute being detected when the radar operates in a weapons-location mode.
Although the Iron Dome system is being used to protect Israeli territory during the country’s ongoing Operation Pillar of Cloud military campaign against Hamas insurgents, the EL/M-2084 is probably performing a secondary role of identifying the position of Hamas rocket launchers for engagement by Israeli air force aircraft.