ChainHomeHigh is deep in production for the rest of this week, and early next week. However, news-hungry radar and air defence fans can find an interesting story here (http://www.panarmenian.net/eng/news/131345/Russia_to_ink_joint_air_defense_network_formation_deal_with_Armenia) regarding Russia’s creation of a regional air defence system with Armenia.
Russia’s Radio Technical and Information (RTI) Systems Joint Stock Company has unveiled the ‘Surok’ (‘Marmot’) air surveillance radar.
The Surok is designed to detect and track targets using a small mobile radar. In terms of performance, it is reportedly capable of detecting and tracking a target flying at 656ft (200 metres) altitude at a distance of twelve kilometres (6.4 nautical miles). Targets flying at 3,280ft (1,000m) altitude can be detected at 20km (10.7nm), and those flying at 5,000m (16,404ft) at 50km (26.9nm) range.
The rationale behind Surok’s development was to design a mobile radar that provides 360º protection for critical infrastructure. Although there are several, deployable military products which can perform such a function, RTI Systems’ radar intends to provide this protection using a lower-cost approach.
Russia’s RIA Novosti news agency reported on 19th September that the country’s air defence force will receive its second batch of Pantsir-S1 (NATO reporting name ‘SA-22 Greyhound’) combined Anti-Aircraft Artillery (AAA) and medium-range Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) platforms from the KBP Instrument Design Bureau by the end of the year.
This second batch will supplement the first batch of ten systems delivered to Russian forces in 2011.
The Pantsir-S1 is being procured to provide short-to-medium range ground-based air defence for the Almaz/Antei S-400 Triumf (NATO reporting name SA-21 Growler’) medium-to-high altitude SAM systems being procured by Russia.
The Pantsir-S1 will also replace the tracked 2K22M/M1 Tunguska (NATO reporting name ‘SA-19 Grison’) combined AAA/SAM systems which Russia currently has in service to perform air defence against low-flying aircraft and missiles.
Russia plans to eventually procure up to 100 Pantsir-S1 systems as reported in the February edition of ChainHomeHigh.
According to reports from Russia’s RIA Novosti news agency on 31st August, the country’s Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) specialists Almaz-Antey is involved in developing a new high-altitude naval air defence system.
The company is reportedly involved in the design of a ship-based SAM capable of performing; “missile and space defence,” according to the report. The design work on this SAM system seems to be occurring alongside plans announced earlier this year by Roman Trotsenko, President of Russia’s United Shipbuilding Corporation, to begin the construction of six nuclear-powered air defence destroyers in 2016.
The missile system which Almaz-Antey is expected to develop for these ships may be closely modelled on the S-500 ‘Samorerzhets’ ground-based high-altitude SAM system which is being supplied to the Russian Air Force. S-500 deliveries to the Russian Air Force are expected to commence from 2013, as reported in the July edition of ChainHomeHigh.
The S-500’s range is thought to be in the region of 600km (323nm), with an interception altitude of 40km (21.5nm). The weapon has been designed to intercept Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles, and this would seemingly enable it to meet the requirements of this proposed sea-based air defence system.
Russia has said that it will now commence exports of S-400 Triumf (NATO reporting name ‘SA-21 Growler’) Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) batteries to China from 2017.
It was reported by the Russian news agency RIA Novosti on 15th July that the Chinese will be the first export clients for a missile system which Russia has previously said would not be exported.
This news appears to contradict information released in late May, and reported in ChainHomeHigh, that Moscow would not sell S-400 systems to Beijing amid concerns that the weapons system could be reversed-engineered and copied by Chinese manufacturers.